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Vegetable Seed Planting Guide
Kind of Seed Time to Plant Outdoors Plant Distance Seeds Required Ready to Use
Between Rows In the Row Row Acre
Asparagus Mar-Apr 5-6' 18-24" oz/20' 2-3# 2nd Spring
Beans, Bush May and June 2-3' 3-4" 6 oz/50' 50-60# 50-70 days
Beans, Pole May and June 3' 4-5" 6 oz/45 hills 30-40# 70-90 days
Beans, Lima May-June 2-4' 6-8" 6 oz/30 hills 50-60# 90-130 days
Beets, Table Mar-July 14-20" 2-4" oz/50' 10-15# 45-60 days
Broccoli* Mar-Aug 24-30" 14-18" oz/750 plants 6-8 oz 70-120 days
Brussel Sprouts* Apr-June 30-36" 18-24" oz/1000 plants 6-7 oz 90-120 days
Cabbage, Early* Feb-Apr 30-36" 16-24" oz/1000 plants 6-8 oz 90-110 days
Cabbage, Late* May and June 36-42" 24-30" oz/1000 plants 6-7 oz 110-120 days
Carrots Mar-July 12-24" 2-3" oz/100' 3-4# 65-90 days
Cauliflower* Mar-June 3-4' 24-30" oz/750 plants 6-7 oz 60-80 days
Celery* April-July 18-36" 6-10" oz/4000 plants 4-5 oz 120-150 days
Chicory Mar-May, Sept 16-20" 6-8" oz/100' 3-4# 90-120 days
Chives April and May 12-18" 4-6" oz/100' 4-5# 125-150 days
Sweet Corn May-June 3' 6" 4 oz/100' 12-15# 60-100 days
Cress Mar-May, Sept 12-18" 4-6" oz/125' 3-4# 45-60 days
Cucumber May-July 4-6' 10-12" oz/25 hills 2-3# 50-75 days
Egg Plant* May 24-30" 18-24" oz/750 plants 4-5 oz 80-100 days
Endive May and June 18-20" 10-12" oz/150' 3-4# 90-100 days
Herbs, Annual March and April 20-24" 10-12" oz/100-300' 3-10# 125-150 days
Herbs, Perennial April-June 20-24" 10-12" oz/100-300' 3-10# Next Season
Kind of Seed Time to Plant Outdoors Plant Distance Seeds Required Ready to Use
Between Rows In the Row Row Acre
Kale Mar and April, Aug 18-24" 12-18" oz/1000 plants 6-8 oz 55-60 days
Kohl Rabi March-May 16-24" 6-8" oz/150' 3-4# 50-70 days
Leek May-June 14-20" 4-6" oz/75' 4-5# 120-150 days
Lettuce, Leaf March-Sept 12-18" 4-6" oz/100' 4-5# 40-70 days
Lettuce, Head Mar-Aug 12-16" 12-14" oz/1500 plants 1-1# 70-90 days
Muskmelon* May-June 6-8' 4-6' oz/20 hills 3-5# 90-150 days
Watermelon* May and June 8-12' 6-10' oz/12 hills 4-6# 85-120 days
Mustard Mar-May, Sept 12-18" 2-3" oz/300' 4-5# 40-70 days
Okra* April and May 2-3' 18-24" oz/125 plants 5-6# 50-70 days
Onion, Seed April and May 12-18" 2-4" oz/100' 4-5# 90-120 days
Onion, Sets Oct-May 12-18" 2-3" 1#/50' 2-3 sacks 50-70 days
Parsley Mar-May, Sept 18-24" 12-16" oz/125' 3-4# 65-90 days
Parsnip April-June 15-20" 2-4" oz/150' 4-6# 95-110 days
Peas, Dwarf Mar-June, Sept 18-24" 2-3" 6 oz/50' 150-175# 60-75 days
Peas, Tall Mar-June, Sept 3' 2-3" 6 oz/50' 100-125# 70-90 days
Pepper* May and June 18-24" 14-16" oz/750 plants 3-4 oz 75-85 days
Potatoes, Irish March-June 24-36" 14-18" 1#/15' 7-9 sacks 90-150 days
Pumpkin May-July 8-12' 6-8' oz/15 hills 4-5# 90-120 days
Radish March, Sept 12-18" 1-2" oz/50' 8-10# 20-75 days
Rhubarb March-June 30-36" 16-24" oz/125' 6-8 oz 3rd year
Rutabaga May and June 18-24" 6-8" oz/200' 2-3# 90-120 days
Salsify March-May 18-24" 2-4" oz/60' 8-10# 120-150 days
Spinach Mar-May, Sept 12-18" 3-6" oz/50' 10-12# 45-60 days
Squash, Bush May-June 5' 5' oz/15 hills 4-6# 55-70 days
Squash, Winter May-July 10-12' 8-10' oz/7 hills 3-4# 90-125 days
Swiss Chard Mar-July 12-18" 4-8" oz/75' 6-8# 45-60 days
Tomato* May-June 3-4' 2-3' oz/1500' 3-4 oz 70-100 days
Turnip Mar-Aug 12-15" 3-4" oz/200' 2-4# 45-90 days
Kind of Seed Time to Plant Outdoors Plant Distance Seeds Required Ready to Use
Between Rows In the Row Row Acre
Planting dates shown for crops marked * are intended to be for setting plants into the garden.  Seeds should be sown 40-60 days earlier, indoors or under glass.   Seed should be covered from three to five times its diameter.  Press soil down firmly.  Keep moist continuously.  The above chart gives distances between rows for hand cultivation; where a garden tractor is used, the rows should be farther apart. Planting times are based on average seasonal temperatures in Scranton, PA (USDA Zone 5).

 


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